Ik Onkar (Gurmukhi: ੴ, ਇੱਕ ਓਅੰਕਾਰ; Punjabi articulation: [ɪkː oəŋkaɾ]) is the image that speaks to the one preeminent reality and is a focal fundamental of Sikh religious philosophy. Ik Onkar has an unmistakable position at the leader of the Mul Mantar and the opening expressions of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
Ik (ਇੱਕ) implies one and special case, who can’t be contrasted or differentiated and any other, Onkar (ਓਅੰਕਾਰ) is the one widespread consistently streaming celestial song and existential unstruck, ceaseless sound of God.
To streamline Ik implies one, Oang the maker and Kar implies the creation. So the maker and his creation are not extraordinary and He the preeminent maker lives all over and in all things.
The sound is Oang (anhad naad) and Kar is the ceaseless continuation of Oang sound. This song shows in billions of cosmic systems and universes and prompts secure and safeguard. At last, everything gets converged once again into this sound; this has happened incalculable occasions previously.
It is an image of the solidarity of God in Sikhism, which means God is One or One God, and is found in every religious sacred text and places, for example, gurdwaras. Gotten from Punjabi, Ik Onkār is the principal expression in the Mool Mantar alluding to the presence of “one steady heavenly song” which is demonstrated by Gurbani itself in:
ਓਅੰਕਾਰ ਏਕ ਧੁਨਿ ਏਕੈ।।
Oangkar one and just celestial song
ਏਕੈ ਰਾਗੁ ਅਲਾਪੈ।।
One song is tuned
ਏਕਾ ਦੇਸੀ ਏਕੁ ਦਿਖਾਵੈ ਏਕੋ ਰਹਿਆ ਬਿਆਪੈ।। ਮਹਲਾ ੫
One is his territory, one way he appears and that one is inescapable.
Page 885 (Shree Guru Granth Sahib Ji)
ਓਅੰ ਆਦਿ ਸਰੂਪੈ।।
ਓਅੰ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਕੀੲੋ ਪਸਾਰਾ।।
Guru Nanak’s idea and vision of the Supreme Being is typified in curt terms in the Sikh Fundamental Creed, Mool Mantra, truly meaning the Root Formula. In view of its significance as an essential religious statement around which rotates the entire Sikh philosophical idea, it is most suitably put in the simple start of the Sikh sacred writing, the Guru Granth Sahib. It asserts in unequivocal terms Guru Nanak’s uncompromising faith in monotheism. In the first the content read as:
"Ek Onkar Satnam Karta Purush Nirbhau Virvair Akal Murat, Ajuni Saibhang Gurprasad(i)"
There is One and just a single God who is otherworldly and in addition natural. Genuine and Eternal Name. Maker and Person. Without Fear and without Enmity. Ageless Form, Unborn, Self-existent. Acknowledged by Divine Grace.
So Guru Nanak’s uncovered Scripture put numerical figure ‘1’ preceding Onkar hence upgrading his firm conviction in the solidarity of God. Its principle significance and hidden criticalness lies in the way that one isn’t spoken to by ‘one’ in words, however by a numerical figure ‘1’; in this way totally disposing of any probability of words being given distinctive importance. It was Guru Nanak’s very own roused vision that changed AUM into Ek-Onkar speaking to the Supreme Being, the Sole Absolute Eternal Reality which, while showing itself in variety as Onkar, is still in its embodiment ‘Sole and Absolute’; Transcendent and in addition Immanent. Indifferent is likewise Personal in Ek-Onkar.
By the huge, Sikhs love ‘Waheguru’ as God’s name for steady recognition by redundancy out loud or Sotto Voce. In Sikh speech, this is known as ‘Naam Simran’. There are, notwithstanding, numerous a Sikh who additionally ruminate upon and utilize Ek-Onkar for ‘Naam Simran’. Like ‘Waheguru’ this is additionally viewed as an incredible Mantra for accomplishing otherworldly advancement and Divine Grace for definite liberation of the individual soul.
Taking everything into account, it tends to be said that Ek-Onkar is the genuine image of Sikhism given to us by Guru Nanak dependent on his profound experience and motivated vision at the specific beginning of the Sikh confidence.
Ik Onkar is an image which shows up toward the starting the Sikh sacred writing and signifies, “One With Everything”. The image is composed in the Gurmukhi content and has a few parts. A few references are additionally explained in sacred text as to Ek Ankar.
Ik (or Ek) remains for the Gurmukhi numeral “One”.
On is a mix or O and A stands for “Everything”.
Kar is construed and stands for “Maker”.
The image Ik Onkar imparts the possibility of one innovative being, or one God, show in all of presence.
The maker and creation are one element, indistinguishable in the manner in which a sea is comprised of its individual drops, or a tree is made out of its individual parts, roots, trunk, bark, branches, leaves, sap and seeds, (cones, natural products, or nuts).
This image ੴ articulated Ek Onkar is the image that is utilized to speaks to the “One Supreme Reality” or “One God.” This is the image that shows up toward the start of the Guru Granth Sahib. The symbol begins the heavenly content which was first composed by Guru Nanak.
This crucial instructing of Sikhism, is that there is just “one Essence” or “one reality” that continues all; this is foremost to the comprehension of Sikh convictions.
Bhai Gurdas Ji says of Ek-Onkar:
By composing 1 (One) to start with, it has been demonstrated that Ekankar, God, who subsumes all structures in Him is just a single (instead of the a few of Christianity or Siva, Bhrama and Vishnu or the a huge number of Hinduism).
Ura, the primary Gurmukhi letter, as Oankar demonstrates the world controlling intensity of that one Lord…
Ik Onkar is the announcement of unity in Sikhism, that is ‘there is one God’.
The expression is a compound of the numeral one (ik) and onkar, states Doniger, authoritatively comprehended in Sikhism to allude to “total monotheistic solidarity of God”. Ik Onkar has a conspicuous position at the leader of the Mul Mantar and the opening expressions of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
The Onkar of Sikhism is identified with Om in Hinduism. Some Sikhs differ that Ik Onkar is same as Om. Onkar seems to be, states Wazir Singh, a “variety of Om (Aum) of the antiquated Indian sacred texts (with a slight change in its orthography), inferring the seed-compel that advances as the universe”. Guru Nanak composed a lyric entitled Oankar in which, states Doniger, he “ascribed the inception and feeling of discourse to the Divinity, who is subsequently the Om-maker”.
Oankar (‘the Primal Sound’) made the Creator, Oankar designed the cognizance
From Oankar came mountains and ages, Oankar delivered learning
By the finesse of Oankar, individuals were spared through the celestial word
By the beauty of Oankar