Philosophers were more engrossed in metaphysics and the other world, the after life, than in the material, worldly life. According to them, the pursuit of moksha, liberation, was the sole goal of the Indian way of life.
The West says, “Do! Show your power by doing.” India says, “Show your power by suffering.” The West has solved the problem of how much a man can have: India has solved the problem of how little a man can have.
But nothing could be more deceptive than this. The fact is that even a casual perusal of classical Indian literature proves the Indian’s deep concern with ‘this world, material prosperity, and sensual pleasures’.
In religion lies the vitality of India, and so long the Hindu race do not forget the great inheritance of their forefathers, there is no power on earth to destroy them.
Indian people have always craved for name, fame, and immortality. ‘No other people prayed more fervently than Indians for long life, progeny, and perpetuation of their works and thought in this world’. According to Satchidananda Murty, pursuit of political power, and glory, ‘good, wholesome, tasty food, gold and diamonds, silks and scents, aishvarya and vaibhava’ always attracted the Indian mind. What to talk of the laity, even the Brahmajnanis — possessors of the highest form of knowledge, who ipso facto knew the illusory and ephemeral nature of the world and worldly pleasures — also sought prosperity, good food and conjugal life. Indian thinkers never praised poverty or glorified deprivation.
On the other hand, artha, material wealth and prosperity, and kama, fulfilment of desires including carnal passions, were considered to be so important that they included them in the purusharthas, aims of life. The other two were dharma and moksha.
Call up the divinity within you, which will enable you to bear hunger and thirst, heat and cold. Sitting in luxurious homes, surrounded with all the comforts of life, and doling out a little amateur religion may be good for other lands, but India has a truer instinct.
Dharma is the regulative principle in the case of artha and kama. It ordains that one should fulfil one’s desires and earn as much as one is capable of, but within the rules and regulations set by society. At the level of moksha, dharma is a constitutive principle. One cannot attain moksha or liberation without dharma.
The Indian mindset is not idealistic; rather, it is pragmatic. It is not interested in pursuing activities which are ‘immediately useless and do not yield any practical results’.
Being pragmatic, the Indian mind takes to descriptive and classificatory science, medicine, technology, and engineering as a duck takes to water. They were so obsessed with the practical and immediately useful that they took interest only in those fields of knowledge which gave them power and were related to the art or technique of realising power.
For Indians, the idea of knowledge for its own sake was alien. Even the aim of their philosophy is Self-knowledge and Self-realisation and not just hair splitting. Its goal is to transform life, perform social duties in order to unite human beings with the bond of love into single humanity. The boons they sought from gods were good looks, perfect health, fame, enjoying the goods and pleasures of life. Only to satisfy the pleasures they missed in life, they prayed for swarga, heaven, where they could enjoy an uninterrupted good lifestyle with all material comforts.
Refer the Great ones: I found below quotes of Swami Vivekanand about India
If there is any land on this earth that can lay claim to be blessed Punya Bhumi, to be the land to which all soul must come to account for Karma, the land to which every soul that wending its way Godward MUST COME to attain its LAST HOME, the land where Humanity has attained its highest towards gentleness, towards generosity, towards purity, towards calmness, above all, the and of introspection and spirituality – it is India.